We tell you all the news in the field of science.
Researchers from the Universities of Cadiz (Spain) and University of Aveiro (Portugal) have developed a bioactive and biodegradable packaging, made with cellulose from the paper industry and extracts of mango fruit leaves, that mantains the properties of food longer without the need for chemical additives. This film contains in vitro-tested antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds, as well as a stronger UV light filter that delays food decomposition.Read more
A research team from the University of Jaén and the University of Alicante has tested a model based on artificial intelligence that determines the truthfulness of information in digital media. Using this tool, both journalists and end users will be able to define the credibility of a text.Read more
A research team from the University of Jaén is applying a system to recognise misogynist and xenophobic racist comments on Twitter. This technology learns and distinguishes the nuances of a wide range of phrases, words and insults in Spanish. Experts are utilizing this artificial intelligence to detect hate messages on this social network.Read more
A research team from the University of Almería has designed an automatic prototype of temperature and illuminance control that achieves energy savings with an efficiency of 11%. In addition, it adapts to the activity that the user performs in a specific room. This software is integrated into existing heating, ventilation, air conditioning and lighting installations and takes advantage of renewable energy devices, if available, to manage energy consumption and reduce costs.Read more
A research team from the Universities of Malaga and Seville has applied a methodology to improve conservation and environmental conditioning interventions in cultural heritage buildings. The application of this method will make these edifices more comfortable as well as making it possible to preserve their interior with greater energy efficiency and, therefore, at a lower environmental and economic cost.Read more
Experts from the Andalusian Interuniversity Institute for Data Science and Computational Intelligence (DaSCI) and the University of Granada, in collaboration with Fundación Descubre, have designed an intelligent system called 'MonuMAI' that combines mathematics, art and civic science to instantly recognise the parts of a historical building and its architectural style. To this end, they have created an app that allows any user to send an image of the monument and to know in real time what type of elements it is made up of and what characteristics identify it with the artistic trend of a historic period.Read more
A research team from the University of Jaén has developed a chemical compound that eliminates pathogenic micro-organisms from any type of utensil and prevents them from evolving and generating resistance. This not only stops real-time infections, but also prevents the future development of more aggressive bacterial strains. In addition, the new formula does not contain harmful agents for the environment.Read more
A research team from the University of Malaga creates a new model of prosthesis, coated with branching macromolecules which is more compatible with the body and more durable. Experimental results suggest the novel prosthetic surface may considerably improve the existing prosthesis, making them adhere better and be more resistant.Read more
A research team from the Institute of Materials Science of Seville (a CSIC -Spanish National Research Council- and University of Seville joint centre) has designed a fluid that works like a luminous ink to obtain very sharp images of damaged tissues, organs and cartilages in diagnostic tests. This new compound, still in the laboratory phase, reduces adverse effects on the human body because it allows lower amounts to be injected and the dose to be targeted only at the affected area.Read more
A research team from the universities of Seville and Almeria applies a mathematical system to anticipate the consequences of a seismic catastrophe in order to have valid data for decision-making in urban planning. This tool may also be used for risk and climate change management, as well as for floods and other natural disasters.Read more
A research team from the universities of Seville and Cadiz has developed NeuroPod, an automaton that simulates the activity of a six-legged insect. The model, which walks, trots and runs, uses efficient and cost effective materials. It could therefore pave the way for the creation of prostheses or structures for the rehabilitation of spinal cord injuries at a reduced cost compared with those currently in use.